deck construction

When you are building a deck, safety should be one of your key concerns. That’s one of the reasons you should hire an experienced Maryland deck contractor to do the job. DIY deck is definitely not a good idea if you’ve never built a deck before or watched someone do it. However, an inexperienced or shady contractor can do just as much harm. If you inherited a deck from a previous homeowner, or if you are suspecting that your contractor is cutting corners or didn’t apply for permits, watch out for these mistakes that could jeopardize the safety of your deck.

Not Adding the Footings

Footings are typically poured with concrete underneath each of the deck posts to hold your deck up. The posts are then attached to the concrete footings with anchored galvanized shoes. All deck posts should have footings that extend below the frost line. In Baltimore County, for example, the regulated footing depth is 30 inches below the finished grade. Without the footings or with footings that are too shallow, the ground water may end up pushing the deck up or sideways. And the posts that are simply buried in the ground may rot and eventually fail.

Using Wrong Hardware

No matter how many nails you put in, they won’t hold as well as screws and bolts. Even screws loosen up over time and may need tightening. It’s important to use the right type of hardware for attaching parts of your deck to each other. And it not only matters which screw or bolt you use, but also what they are made of—stainless steel or hot-dipped hardware is usually the best.

For example, lag screws or through-bolts are typically used to attach the ledger board to the house. Carriage bolts are used to screw joists into the posts, as well as to attach deck railing posts to the deck frame. The number, spacing and placement of these fasteners is not something you can guess or estimate—most of these things are regulated in the building codes of your Maryland city or county. It’s especially important where you put bolts in the ledger board—you want them to grab onto something solid like house joists, and not foam sheathing or plywood.

Not Using Joist Hangers

This is more of a topic of not using specialized hardware available to deck builders. Joist hangers are essentially brackets for the joists to sit in. The hangers are attached to the ledger board and any horizontal beams to keep the joist straight and strong. Using nails or screws without the joist hangers may cause the joists to sag or become uneven over time.

Not Enough Joists

In attempt to cut costs and save money on materials, you or your contractor may decide to use fewer joists by spacing them out further apart. This is a big mistake because joist spacing is a heavily regulated subject. The recommended spacing is typically between 12 and 24 inches depending on the type of materials, the size of the joists and the anticipated dead and live load on the deck. The dead load are stationary items and the live load refers to people moving on the deck. Although this is not about a deck, the Versailles wedding hall collapse that killed 23 people and injured hundreds more was caused by poor load distribution. It is important to consider everything you plan to put on your deck and where it will go before even starting the construction process.

Shaky Railing

Railing should never be an afterthought of a deck construction project. Failed railing can cause your family member or guest to tumble down and seriously hurt themselves, depending on how high your deck is. Railings should never be attached with balusters alone—there have to be railing posts. It’s best when the railing posts are the same as support posts, but other safe arrangements can be made if this is not doable. Also, neither posts nor balusters should be attached by nails. Your deck railing is supposed to withstand a force of 200 lbs, yet with nails you could probably easily kick out a baluster with a slight tap of a shoe.

If you think your deck was built with one of these safety defects, or you simply want to make sure you hire a Maryland contractor who can do it right, contact North American Deck and Patio today!

Why Choose North American Deck and Patio

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Our 30+ years of experience and accumulated knowledge sets us apart from our competitors. We have designed and worked on a variety of different landscaping projects each customized to fit the needs of the customer. Our expertise allows us to ensure that you get exactly what you want – and we’ll even back it up with a warranty.

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North American Deck and Patio is the Reliable Maryland Deck and Patio Company delivering consistent results guaranteed by an honest warranty.

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“Jim at North American patio and deck's came up with the most ingenious way of utilizing our small very slanted very water drained environment and turned it into a virtual oasis. Making this deck the envy of all our ambitions and gem for the community.”

– C. Cross

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Anne Arundel County Deck and Patio: Annapolis (21401, 21403, 21409), Arnold (21012), Crofton (21114), Crownsville (21032), Gambrills (21054), Glen Burnie (21060, 21061), Hanover (21076), Jessup (20794), Pasadena (21122), Severn (21144), Severna Park (21146).

Baltimore County Deck and Patio: Arbutus (21227), Catonsville (21228, 21250), Cockeysville (21030, 21031, 21065), Dundalk (21222), Edgemere (21219), Essex (21221), Garrison (21055), Lansdowne (21227), Lochearn (21207), Lutherville (21093), Middle River (21220), Milford Mill (21244), Overlea (21236), Owings Mills (21117), Parkville (21234), Park Heights (21215), Pikesville (21208), Randallstown (21133), Reisterstown (21136), Rosedale (21237), Timonium (21093), Towson (21204), White Marsh (21162), Woodlawn (21207), and more.

Calvert County Deck and Patio: Dunkirk (20754), Chesapeake Beach (20732), North Beach (20714), Prince Frederick (20678), Owings (20736), Solomons (20688).

Charles County Deck and Patio: La Plata (20646), Port Tobacco (20677), Rock Point (20682), Waldorf (20601, 20602, 20603)

Howard County Deck and Patio: Clarksville (21029), Columbia (21044), Cooksville (21723), Dorsey (21075), Elkridge (21075), Ellicott City (21043), Fulton (20759), Glenelg (21737), Glenwood (21738), Granite (21163), Hanover (21076), Highland (20777), Jessup (20794), Lisbon (21765), Marriottsville (21104), North Laurel (20723), West Friendship (21794), Woodbine (21797), Woodstock (21163), and more.

Montgomery County Deck and Patio: Olney (20832), Damascus (20872), Laytonsville (20882), Silver Spring (20910), Clarksburg (20871), Gaithersburg (20878), Germantown (20876), Bethesda (20816), Chevy Chase (20815), and more.

Prince George's County Deck and Patio: Bowie (20715, 20716, 20720, 20721), Beltsville (20705), Adelphi (20783), College Park (20740,20742), Greenbelt (25689), Hyattsville (20781, 20782, 20783, 20784), Landover (20785), Laurel (20707, 20723), Springdale (20774), Upper Marlboro (20772, 20774), Woodlawn (21207).

St. Marys County Deck and Patio: Leonardtown (20650), Mechanicsville (20659), Lexington Park (20653), Piney Point (20674), Tall Timbers (20690)

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